Vertigo, a condition characterized by blurred vision, can be treated in different ways depending on its severity. The degree to which vertigo affects a patient is often indicated by the intensity or frequency of symptoms experienced. If your symptoms are mild, a class of drugs known as anticholinergics may prove effective.
These include such common painkillers as aspirin and ibuprofen. However, if your vertigo is caused by an infection or other underlying causes, antibiotics may not help, and a more radical approach to treatment would be required. Classes of drugs useful in the treatment of vertigo normally contain antispasmodics, such as antihistamines, calcium channel blockers and dopaminergic agonists.
For severe cases of vertigo, or those that cannot be helped by standard treatments, surgery might be necessary. In some cases, especially with the more severe types of vertigo, surgery becomes the only option. This is called open-angle glaucoma. Typically, when this type of vertigo or its symptoms occur, you will be unconscious. However, because your peripheral nervous system still controls eye movement, sometimes your brain is not able to send proper commands to your eyes. When this happens, you start experiencing dizziness or nausea.
The dizziness, or nausea, is the most common symptom. There are two major types of dizziness: optical dizziness and vestibular dizziness. People suffering from one type of dizziness will feel a sensation of floating or shifting, while people who suffer from the other will feel a sensation of pressure on their chest and eyes. It is important that you seek medical advice immediately if you start to experience any of these symptoms. Your doctor can perform tests to determine whether you are experiencing a heart attack or whether you are experiencing vertigo.
Treatment for nausea and vomiting begins with addressing the underlying cause of the vertigo. The person’s lifestyle, physical activities, stress levels, diet, medications, and genetics have to be addressed. For severe cases, where no cause can be determined, surgery might be needed to remove either the vestibular or optical nerve or treat the imbalance of neurotransmitters and chemicals called histamine and dopamine.
Treatment for dizziness and nausea will also include dealing with the underlying hearing loss that can occur with vertigo. Some people experience a hearing loss in conjunction with their vertigo; others experience hearing loss on its own. The hearing loss can range from hearing a faint voice to complete deafness. The treatment of vertigo must include treatment of any hearing loss so that you do not end up with double vision.
Treatment for dizziness and nausea will also include treating any physical limitations that are a result of the vertigo. These include bladder control, which is affected by nausea and vomiting, and balance issues, including muscle tone and coordination. As these symptoms are affecting the physical body, the person must also be evaluated for any underlying mental health problems. These mental health issues can include depression and anxiety.
The treatment of dizziness and nausea will also include anti-nausea medications, which can help to reduce some of the symptoms associated with vertigo. In some instances, antacids can help to control the symptoms of vertigo, which will require the use of other medications to alleviate the symptoms. Treatment of vertigo often includes combinations of different methods that include medications, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and mental health therapy. It is important that if you experience symptoms, that you consult your physician as soon as possible.
As table 1 shows, there are a number of different conditions that can cause vertigo and some of these conditions are brain related, such as an ischemic stroke or a traumatic brain injury. Other disorders can cause nausea or vomiting as well, including gastrointestinal disorders, trichomonas vaginitis, meningitis, menopause, and multiple sclerosis. There are a number of medications that can lead to vomiting as well, such as barbiturates, benzodiazepines, tetracyclic antidepressants, azapirones, and drugs for Parkinson’s disease and bipolar disorder. These medications can lead to a number of different types of discomforts.
Treatment for dizziness and nausea will include medications that help to relieve the symptoms of vertigo and nausea. For patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, the treatment most often used involves anti-nausea medications, which can help to alleviate the nausea associated with the vertigo. Doctors may also prescribe anti-cholinergic medicines to help reduce the spasm at the source of the vertigo, but in some patients this can make symptoms worse. In addition, anti-depressants are sometimes prescribed in order to alleviate the depression felt by patients with this condition.
Treatment for dizziness and nausea often does not depend on whether the vertigo comes from the brain or from another part of the body. In some cases, treatment is simply a matter of blocking out the other sources of irritation. This can be done by wearing protective headgear at night, preventing damage to the inner ear. In more severe cases, surgically repairing the brain can help to relieve the difficulty walking associated with this condition.